Monthly Archives: October 2017

Spirit Photography

In honor of Halloween, today I will be exploring spirit photography and the best techniques to use in order to capture a spooky specter on camera.

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According to Chris Black, an artist and photographer, the most important thing to do when attempting to photograph spirits, is to do everything you can to avoid a blurry picture or a picture with artifacts.

A stable platform is the first priority, even the slightest shake can alter a photo. A tripod is always your best bet for a stable photo, ghosts or not, but if you’re caught without one, it’s important to know how to hold a camera as stable as possible.

“First thing to do is to hold the camera properly, this involves placing the camera in the palm of your left hand and then gripping it with your right. pull your elbows into your body, lean forward and steady yourself,” said Black.

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It is extremely important that you have a good understanding of your camera. Most of the spirit photography you’ll be doing will be in the dark, leading to longer exposure times and high ISOs. These two factors can cause a lot of digital artifacts if you aren’t careful, and the blurrier or grainier the photo is, the more people will call it fake.

“Once you understand even the basics you remove a large amount of artifacts mistakes and general image problems which everyone else mistakes for a spirit,” says Chris.

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Finally, it is important to understand the types of digital artifacts, even taken under the best conditions, you still might end up with a few, and you need to know the difference between a real spirit and a camera/user error.

Lens flares are often mistaken as spirits, so is bokeh. The majority of “spirit orbs” caught on camera are just out of focus light. Lighting itself is the core of photography, so flash should be avoided at all cost for capturing spirits.

Chris Black said, “This leads light to bounce everywhere, you shoot a flash directly at glass then congratulate yourself on the awesome entity you captured! Where possible you should completely avoid using a flash when photographing spirit. It introduces so many uncontrollable factors and creates a multitude of artifacts.
Any form of made lighting can also create all sorts of strange effects in a camera too, halogen, led, fluorescent, incandescent, you must always account for the lighting around you.”

-B. Voges

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Low Light Solutions

By: Jacqueline Bayly

Photographers who are both experienced and not so experienced with a camera can say that they have run into a low lighting issue. Lighting is everything when it comes to a good photo, so below are some techniques to try to enhance your photo without the best natural or artificial lighting available.

  1. Silhouettes- A Silhouette  is when a the subject has the light source behind them completely which makes them appear to be blacked out. The best tip for this type of photography is to make sure that your subject creates an interesting shape. Image result for silhouette photography
  2. City Lights- When the sun begins to go down and there isn’t much natural lighting, the artificial lighting of city buildings begins to appear. This is a perfect time to capture night time photos because the sky is still blue but much darker which makes for a nice backdrop. Image result for city photography
  3. Light Painting- light painting is a long exposure technique that creates some very interesting results. For these types of photos you want the shutter speed to be slow so that it can adsorb all light that you paint. A way to do this for example is the make streaks of light all over your subject while the photo is taking. Image result for light painting photography
  4. Star Trails- this is another brilliant long exposure technique. To capture these images you must first find a very dark area with no light pollution. The clearer you can see the stars with your eyes, the clearer they will be in your photo. The shutter speed for these photos can be from 50 minutes to hours depending on the photo desired. Image result for star trails photography

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Long Exposure Highway Photos

By: Jacqueline Bayly

For those who have wondered about how photographers get those magical photos of lit up, busy cities with light streaks on the roads where cars should be, this is your lucky day.

Traffic streams in and out of downtown Atlanta on a recent, cloudy night. By Jonathon Phillips 

The most important equipment you can bring on a long exposure shoot like this is a tripod for stability. If you plan to shoot a large landscape, a wide angle lens would be best.

As far as settings go, you want the most clear and crisp image possible so the lowest ISO setting is suggested.  You also want the foreground as well as the background to be sharp, so an aperture like f/10 for example should work well. The shutter speed is most important since you want to capture moving light. The best way to create this image is to set your shutter speed to capture the photo for about 10 seconds.

By: Serge Ramelli

Now that you have an idea of how to take the photo, the hardest part is finding the perfect spot to capture both a busy road way and interesting city-scape or city surroundings.

More images by Jonathon Phillips:

 

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Joey L.

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Joseph Lawrence is a Canadian born photographer that now lives in Brooklyn, New York. Joey has worked with National Geographic Channel, History Channel, the U.S. Army, Canon, and many other companies and organizations. Most of his work can be found in magazines and billboards all over the country.

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US_Army_Joey_L_Photographer_034 He has travelled all over to take some of these important shots. He took the photos for the Army in Alaska and Hawaii. The Army pays him to take pictures that they can use in their Ads. He also does some of his own personal projects. He has also travelled to other countries to work on projects for thier governments to take photos of their soldiers, village people, and war. abyssiniacf001803-lighter-web_screen 32b05e5ef2b8f5799edd0926f6d9e636--joey-lawrence-freedom-fighters

One of his own projects is his annual Halloween in Brooklyn that is a series of portraits that he takes of the people dressed up for halloween. 12_halloween_in_brooklyn

Joey is also a director and travelled to the holy lands of Varanasi and has worked on an ongoing series called the Holy Men. He also journeyed to Southern Ethiopia to write and direct a film called People of the Delta.

Not only has he worked for famous franchises, but he has also taken pictures of various famous celebrities like Jennifer Lawrence, Gabby Douglas, John Legend, Robert De Niro and many more.

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-Lexi Harned

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Macro Photography | Katelyn Phillips

Macro photography allows the ability to capture an image of something that might not be easily visible to the naked eye. You are able to draw attention to something other people wouldn’t think twice about, like an insect or the textures of fabric. Macro photography is popular because with the right tools, it is an easily accessible form of photography, and is broad enough that many topics and themes fit under this category.

Using a digital camera, shooting macro photography has been made easy.

“The best macro photography — regardless of camera — requires that you use the smallest lens aperture to gain optimum image sharpness and depth of field,” Barrie Smith of Digital Photography School said.

When using a small lens aperture, more light is needed, so using a lower ISO or extending the shutter speed is recommended.

 

In some cases, a larger working distance is needed, like with shooting animals or insects that may be disturbed. Spencer Cox of Photography Life recommends the Nikon 200mm f/4 and the Canon 180mm f/3.5 as cameras with larger working distances.

“If your setup has a minimum focusing distance of ten inches, and your camera/lens combo is eight inches long, then your working distance is two inches,” he said.

 

 

ngeblues by Alfian Ismail on 500px.com

 

-Katelyn Phillips

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Sports Photography|Brayden Ostan

Action photography is difficult to do but exciting to take. In order to get good photos, you have to set up the camera in the right place, with the right settings so when the event takes place you can focus on the action.

Using a fast shutter speed is important because in sports, every athlete is moving constantly. “If yours isn’t set fast enough then you’ll be left with blurry, disappointing shots that no amount of Photoshop post-processing will be able to salvage.” A shutter speed of 1/500 of a second is a good starting point and should be fast enough for most action shots. The faster a sport or someone is (e.g. motor racing) change your shutter speed to 1/1000 of a second.

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To assist with high shutter speeds, the aperture needs to open up more. To have the background blurred and more light captured make the aperture more wide. Also with wide aperture the shallow DOF it produces blurs background distractions and focuses attention on players.

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ISO is also important with shutter speed because the camera might have a hard time to properly expose the scene even when the aperture and shutter speed are correct. With that, best case is increasing ISO speed. Going lower on ISO is better but there will be times where you’ll have to raise it higher.

Burst mode works well because as action and sports move quickly, it can be difficult to keep up. Getting multiple shots with one click increases the chance of getting a good image.

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Adjusting the White Balance for indoor and outdoor also help because outdoor the camera will adjust automatically but being indoors will make the photo have a greenish-yellow tint. Changing your white balance to Fluorescent or Incandescent will make the photo come out better when indoors.

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Kevin Fleming Photography|Brayden Ostan

Kevin Fleming is a Delaware Native and a Lewes local that attended Wesley college. Fleming has been across the world and has shot photos for National Geographic. His photographic subjects are diverse to point where he has taken photos from high-energy physics to New Zealand sheep ranchers. Kevin has also taken photos of Florida’s everglades to Alaska’s Mt. McKinley. “Traveling in helicopters, hot air balloons, kayaks, and on horseback to capture the heart and soul of America. He brings us a warm, funny, openhearted exploration of America and Americans with his compelling photographs and stories from the back roads, people and places seldom seen.” Kevin has recently focused on being an author and has rather relaxed on taking photos.

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