A Nightmare Before Christmas, Coraline, and Chicken Run are just a few examples of stop motion films, movies that usually utilize miniature sets and figures to create an animated film.
This is done by manipulating a figure or object so it appears to move on it’s own. The process is quite time consuming, as it takes a multitude of shots for a single scene. In the case of A Nightmare Before Christmas a single scene would take a week to shoot, and over the course of the entire film, 109,440 frames were used.
Some films also used stop motion simply as a special effect as opposed to the style of filming. An early example of this is the 1902 short Fun in a Bakery Shop. In the short, a baker uses dough (or at least what appears to be dough) to make a small variety of faces.
If you’d like to learn more about this topic, click on the links below.