Monthly Archives: March 2016

Street Photography

 

Street Photography makes it possible for the people seeing it to see more than the original photographer has intended. One of the great things about street photography especially in cities, is that things are always happening, all around us. Photography makes us possible to  freeze moments and see things that we maybe didn’t see before we took the picture. Many street photographs are candid, but I don’t believe it limits to that, though personally my favorite are candids.

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Many Street photographers look for in the moment shots, off-guard moments. Many look for emotion or something that triggers emotion, such as humour or a fascination with something that is happening.

 

 

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Photo-Net has great techniques to capture the perfect street photographer

The classic technique for street photography consists of fitting a wide (20mm on a full-frame camera) or moderately wide-angle (35mm) lens to a camera, setting the ISO to a moderate highspeed (400 or 800), and pre-focusing the lens. Pre-focusing? How do you know how far away your subject will be. It turns out that it doesn’t matter. Wide angle lenses have good depth of field. If your subject is 10 feet away and the lens is set for 12 feet, you’d probably need to enlarge to 16×20″ before noticing the error, assuming a typical aperture. This is why the high ISO setting is important. Given a fixed shutter speed, the higher the ISO setting, the smaller the aperture. The smaller the aperture, the less critical it is to focus precisely. The extreme case of this is a pinhole camera, for which there is no need to focus at all.

Street photographers traditionally will set the lens at its hyperfocal distance. This distance depends on the lens focal length and the aperture but the basic idea is that it is the closest distance setting for which subjects at infinity are still acceptably sharp. With fast film and a sunny day, you will probably be able to expose at f/16. With a 35mm lens focussed to, say, 9 feet, subjects between 4.5 feet and infinity will be acceptably sharp (where “acceptable” means “if the person viewing the final photograph doesn’t stick his eyes right up against it”).

A modern alternative is to use a camera with a very high-performance autofocus system and a zoom lens. The Canon EOS bodies coupled with the instant-focusing ring ultrasonic motor Canon lenses (about half of the EOS lenses use these motors) are an example of what can work. How important is modern technology? Testing out the Mamiya 7 rangefinder camera, a mechanical design straight out of the 1920s, doing some street work in Guatemala, my yield of good images was as high as it ever was with the Canons.

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-lparada

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iPhone Photography

iPhone Photography has become more taken on a more serious note when photographers started posting their work on social media sites like Instagram. Awards have even been given out due to their amazing work taken with an iPhone. Such as IPPAWARDS which is dedicated to just iPhone photography. You can see their work here

 

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Many iPhone photographers use edit apps to edit their pictures while some also decide to use LightRoom and Photoshop for their final edit. The most common apps they use is Snapseed and VSCO, and ProCamera. Others they use are Hipstamatic and FilterStorm, and Mextures.

 

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Tips for iPhone Photography by iPhone Photography School:

  1.  Use the grid option to make sure the photo is aligned.
  2.  Explore The Different Camera Modes(square mode for a crop, pano camera fro wider angles.)
  3. Enhance Your Photos With Editing Apps
  4. Make Use Of iPhone Camera Accessories
  5. Share Your Photos on social media sites like Instagram and EyeEm

You can get many more tips for iPhone Photography here.

-lparada

 

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Abstract Photography

This non-objective, experimental, and conceptual style of photography is used to capture the uniqueness of shape, color, light, shadows, pattern, and texture. It combines all elements of art, and at the same time breaks all the rules. Not to be interpreted as lomography, abstract photography can be used with any type of camera and hasn’t established a cult following like lomogrpahy.

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Abstract Photography is open to as many props and techniques to create a certain effect. Many abstract photos don’t have an immediate message, and can make little associations towards a purpose. In fact, some abstract photographers shoot to capture aesthetically pleasing images with no purpose. The universal purpose of photography is to portray emotion and feelings within it’s viewers. Abstract photography carries the same motives with a little or no direct message.

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The earliest form of abstract photography dates back to 1842 when John William Draper invented the spectroscope. The invention would disperse light rays into a visible patterns that have never been seen. This discovery helped develop a photographer’s ability to transform and experiment what was known as invisible into our own presence.

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Techniques photographers use are very accessible. These photographers utilize elements such as focus, light/shadows, curves, and texture to create certain visuals.

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Techniques continued: Other ways to manipulate your photos are to get close to your subject and acknowledge the details in what you are shooting. Techniques such as the sixth sense can be utilized by making quick adjustments, and visually checking your subject before taking the shot. While in post production you can crop and rotate your image to analyse certain qualities in a photo that weren’t present from your perspective.

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40 Astounding Abstract Photos

The golden theory behind abstract photography is to experiment with all of the elements, and capture something that isn’t commonly seen by the average joe.

– Jesse Morgan

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Cindy Sherman

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Cindy Sherman is an incredibly unique photographer. She earned her reputation by mainly taking very out-of-the-norm self-portraits. I really enjoy her unique style and I wish unique self-portraits became the new “selfies.” When I see her photos, it is almost as if each one is telling a story. However, that is the funny part – she completely denies that any stories are attached to her photos. She actually leaves them untitled and open to interpretation and that makes them all the more interesting.

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Sherman was born in New Jersey and her family moved soon after she was born to Long Island. Her first interest in the arts started when she attended Buffalo State College. She picked up painting, however, she felt there were too many limitations so she picked up photography instead. “There was nothing more to say [through painting]”, she later said. “I was meticulously copying other art and then I realized I could just use a camera and put my time into an idea instead.”

And what ideas she has. One of her earliest works, Bus Riders, was a series of self-portraits inspired by people she saw on the bus. Using various props and costumes, she emulated the look of these people.

Another series where Sherman turned the camera on herself, Untitled Film Stills, features Sherman portraying an imaginary actress being caught in photographs unexpectedly. Other photos in the series are inspired by the look of older American noir films and European films.

In the 1990s, Sherman had a drastic change in her style for the Sex Pictures series. Instead of self-portraits, she took photos of mannequins and prosthetic body parts in surreal sexual positons. Sometimes the subjects were dismantled and reassembled in bizarre erotic ways. This was a very controversial series and Sherman received a lot of criticism for it.

I think Cindy Sherman is an important person to discuss, because she had a very unique style. Her self-portraits were all so different and interesting. She even shifted her style drastically later on, however, she even made that her own. That is what is important – finding your personal style, developing it and owning it. This is something that all artists would greatly benefit from in their career.

-A. Joseph

 

Sources:

1.) Bus Riders

2.) https://www.artsy.net/artist/cindy-sherman

3.) http://www.moma.org/interactives/exhibitions/1997/sherman/

4.) Collection of photos

5.) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cindy_Sherman

6.) Sex Pictures

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Underwater Photography

Most of our photography is taken from a terrestrial standpoint, however, there is another beautiful world to explore – underwater. So many different species of flora and fauna exist solely underwater. About 71 percent of the Earth is water! That is a lot of territory that we are neglecting to capture in photography! Thankfully, so adventurous souls have taken the plunge and have produced some amazing photographs. Before an amateur decides to venture under the sea for some unique shots, there are many things that must be considered. A photographer must have the proper equipment, diving skills, and knowledge of how an underwater environment will change shots.

In an article on The Wire Cutter, Underwater photography expert Sterling Zumbrunn gives some pointers on how to capture some stunning pictures underwater. Zumbrunn said, “Water is nearly 800 times as dense as air, and it sucks out color from full spectrum light, so in order for your images to have clarity, contrast, and bright colors, you’ll need to be right on top of your subjects.” He goes on to say that wide-angle lenses are almost a must. Normal focal length lenses cause the photographer to shoot through too much water, causing the images to be murky and dim. Another option is a macro lens, so you can get very close to your subject. Whatever your choice, you must make sure you have a proper camera housing to protect the equipment.

Zumbrunn also advises photographers to shoot upwards and not toward the ocean floor. He says if you aim down, you are most likely going to end up losing your subject in the background, however, aiming towards the surface helps isolate the subject. He also says photographers should get very comfortable with the camera’s manual mode, as getting properly exposed images underwater requires a lot of fine tuning.

Brian Skerry also creates some amazing underwater photography. Dive Photo Blog posted an article about Skerry’s work. He truly takes some breathtaking photos:

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A harp seal pup, about 15 days old, swims in the icy waters of Canada’s Gulf of St. Lawrence. Photo by Brian Skerry

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Eye to eye with the third largest animal to ever live on planet Earth. The roughened skin over this Southern Right Whale’s eye, (Eubalaena australis) is covered with tiny crustaceans called cyamids or whale lice. Underwater off the Auckland Islands, New Zealand (sub Antarctic islands). Photo by Brian Skerry

Aside from the local wildlife, photographers have been using underwater shoots to add new “depth” to portraits and fashion photography. The low-gravity look and feel to this pictures really create some unique shots. Aaron Wong is a wonderful example of a photographer embracing this medium. Another Dive Photo Blog article showcased some of Wong’s underwater fashion work. Here are some of the photos:

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Fashion Designer Cristha Castellanos posted a video showcasing an underwater fashion show. The video captures the truly unique and ethereal effect that shooting underwater can give.

 

I think this is an important topic to discuss because it brings to light a unique photography experience that many people may overlook. It definitely requires a bit more work than a typical shoot, but the investment can definitely be worth it.

-A. Joseph

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Photoshop tutorial: Wrinkle reduction

Working with portraits for clients can be very stressful because clients’ expectations of what they want to see as a final result is not always matching with photographer’s views and possibilities. The toughest is usually working with women clients, where they want to see themselves fresh, glamorous, perfect. According to that, as a rule, no woman wants to see wrinkles on her face, no matter how old she is. So to help get rid of that unwanted problem that is can be such a pain for photographers-beginners, here is a small tutorial of “Wrinkle reduction” in Photoshop.

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Photo retrieved from: http://nasalighttherapy.com/Graphics/Applications/wrinkles1.jpg

Wrinkle Reduction

Photo retrieved from: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-hhsPuLRgoNA/VpO-ogEtYfI/AAAAAAAAELc/qnbXNOyNPFs/s1600/Wrinkle%2BReduction.jpg

Time to Complete

Less than 5 minutes

Step 1

Open your chosen image in Photoshop. In the Layers panel, duplicate your image (Cmd/Ctrl + J) and rename the new layer ‘Wrinkles’.

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 Step 2

Select the Healing Brush (not the Spot Healing Brush) and make sure your brush’s Hardness is set to 100%. As we don’t need to be too precise with our editing on this layer. Select a larger brush for faster editing.

Step 3

Whilst holding down Alt, use the target symbol that appears to select your sample area, which should be on an area of unblemished skin. Left click with your mouse (or tap with your pen on your tablet) to confirm the selection.
This sample area can be from any point in your image, although you’ll want to choose an area of skin that matches the texture you want to apply. Here, I have sampled from the cheekbone, where the area has even colour and texture.

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With your sample area now selected, brush over all of the wrinkles, lines and marks so that they disappear. Don’t worry at this point if there are any visible defects in your editing – they won’t be visible later.

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In the Layers panel, hide the ‘Wrinkles’ layer by clicking on the eye symbol. Go to the Channels menu and Cmd + Click on the Red Channel, which will bring up the ‘marching ants’ of a selection around certain areas of your image.

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Back in the Layers panel, make your ‘Wrinkes’ layer visible again and click on the Add Layer Mask button to apply this selection to your layer. You should notice that sections of your editing layer will now have disappeared, and you’ll be left with a much smoother looking image.

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Step 7

Depending on your image, lower the opacity of your editing layer for a more natural effect. As my model had quite dark lines, I’ve only lowered the opacity to 80%.

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Step 8

Now you’ve learnt how to reduce wrinkles, why not try teaming this up with last month’s tutorial on eye brightening? Here we used a very similar process on the model’s lips, but increased the output rather than decreasing to darken the color.

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Video Tutorial:

 

Resources:

http://www.digitalartsonline.co.uk/tutorials/photoshop/wrinkle-reduction/#10

http://www.hongkiat.com/blog/photoshop-photo-effects-part-iii/

by Hanna Dimitrova

 

 

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Boudoir Photography

Boudoir photography is a type of photo that has exploded in popularity in the past few years. Boudoir photography are suggestive, sometimes nude photos taken in a glamorous and romantic style. (The word “boudoir” is French for a woman’s dressing room.)  Previously, it was seen as somewhat taboo and not mainstream. Now many women are opting to get these type photos taken to celebrate milestones such as a wedding, birth, surviving a surgery, or to give them as gifts to their significant other. A popular boudoir photography Instagram account has over 260,000 followers, while boudoir sessions cost commonly runs into the thousands. The male equivalent, dudoir photography, is also picking up steam as a trend.

http://www.presstelegram.com/business/20160307/boudoir-and-dudoir-photography-grows-in-popularity

Instagram.com/boudoir.photography

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