This topic stood out to me for personal reasons. I am a night rider and a day sleeper. After reading more into the topic I realized there weren’t a lot of differences between capturing a photo at night and at day. Though at night time the long exposures can be grasped. I began to look at pictures of day and the same photo taken at night. A difference of the mood and story the picture gives off is recognizable. This is all achieved just by lighting.
Some tips on capturing a photo at night:
- Tripod. While not always necessary (see further on for how to cheat on this), a tripod will give you the greatest flexibility to get the angles you need while keeping your camera steady for those long exposures.
- Wide-angle lenses. This is a personal preference, but I love the way they work in night photography. I use Canon’s 10-22mm f/3.5-4.5 ($700), but if you can afford it I’d get the Canon 16-35mm f/2.8L II ($1300). If both of these are out of your price range – don’t worry! Try it out with whatever you’ve got as the only thing that will limit you is your imagination.
- A lens hood. To minimize lens flares from light entering at angles outside of your frame.
- A flashlight. Sometimes you’ll want to draw attention to or simply lighten up an important part of the foreground which is too dark.
- Our imagination. Tools lie all around us in everyday objects to help us make our work better in this; I’ve used bicycle lamps, lampposts and newspaper boxes to get it done. http://digital-photography-school.com/night-photography/
By: Abigail Ward
This is an incredibly fascinating topic that I stumbled on quite by accident. There was a short clip I had read sometime prior about Making a camera out of a cereal box. Not convinced, I went further into researching the topic and by extension found Pinhole Photography.
Pinhole photography is the most basic variant of photography I’ve seen. It is incredibly elementary in its principle, instead of a traditional lens, or even a complex camera body; these ‘cameras’ can be made with an aluminum can, or, indeed, a cereal box. They’re essentially a box or can where a small pinhole has been cut or drilled. This pinhole catches light, which filters a reflection of the image onto the back of the box or surface, coined the ‘rear plane’. If you put film or a digital CCD device into this plane, you can effectively record photographs in this manner. In fact, this is a surprisingly popular form of photography; and some of the pictures I have seen are absolutely phenomenal considering the equipment that it was taken on. Even Sea Shells have been made into these lensless cameras, it is a really interesting craft! See about the concept of making your own here!
Pinhole cameras are small or large, improvised or designed with great care. Cameras have been made of sea shells, many have been made of oatmeal boxes, coke cans or cookie containers, at least one has been made of a discarded refrigerator. Cameras have been cast in plaster like a face mask, constructed from beautiful hardwoods, built of metal with bellows and a range of multiple pinholes. Station wagons have been used as pinhole cameras – and rooms in large buildings. Basically a pinhole camera is a box, with a tiny hole at one end and film or photographic paper at the other.
Pinhole cameras are used for fun, for art and for science.
Designing and building the cameras are great fun. Making images with cameras you have made yourself is a great pleasure, too. But in serious photography the pinhole camera is just an imaging device with its advantages and limitations, special characteristics and potentials. By making the best of the camera’s potential great images can be produced.
By Tiffany Towles
Fashion Photographers not only photograph garments but also interpret the underlying ideas or themes of the season, the clothing range, the designer or the brand.
They work in studios and on location to produce imaginative and eye-catching images that advertise clothes, accessories and lifestyle.
There is never-ending demand across the industry for originality and innovation. Photographers who understand fashion trends and can take striking images that sell thelook and style of the clothes are much in demand and can command large fees.
Fashion photographs are commissioned for a variety of publications, ranging from mail-order catalogues and websites, to high-fashion magazines and Sunday supplements. Their working methods, as well as the creative skills required, vary accordingly.
Fashion Photographers often work within a team, which includes art directors, editors and other creative support staff. They need to understand each client’s brand, the various uses of images, and be able to work closely with other creative people to fulfil the brief. High Fashion and Magazine Photographers work from their own studios, on location, occasionally, in a studio supplied by their clients. http://creativeskillset.org/job_roles/378_fashion_photographer
. Though models are a big part of the photo, they have to be able to represent the clothes in the way it was intended for. Photographers focus not only on the clothes but every detail in the picture in order to make sure they work together. If the scene, model and clothes don’t go hand in hand, the outfit would not be as appealing. the message from the image might come off completely different then what was intended.
By: Abigail Ward
Now that we’ve learned about the Golden Hour, I feel it is time to introduce a little something that photography calls the Blue Hour. Shortly preceding or following the Golden Hour (depending on the time of the day), this hour gives a cool blue tinge of color to the light, and usually has a darker blue sky with the onset of twilight.
For subjects, this usually gives a very frosty or distant look, as blue light tends to cool off the color temperature. As a huge fan of blue light myself and the sort of ‘tone’ it creates, I find it incredibly interesting.
Since, Blue Hour photography requires long exposures or fairly slow shutter speed, depending upon the scenario the long exposure can be creatively used to capture motion. The best part about Blue Hour is to capture light trails of vehicles while also capturing cityscapes, and if it is partially cloudy then the movements of the clouds can be used to create a drag effect. When capturing scenic beaches the movement of water appears to be dreamy. All of these effects add to the dynamics of the photograph. You can read more on the subject With a beginner’s guide to the Blue Hour
A warning: shooting in this hour usually requires longer shutter speeds and more light, but there’s no arguing how nice some of these shots are! The blue hour seems to be a favorite for sunset/sunrise and evening photographers, especially ones that focus on cityscapes.
It doesn’t mean you should exclusively work with the hour in the city, though! I feel the benefit to the mood of this lighting hour is one that could be very beneficial if used right. Feel free to check it out! You can even find your area’s blue hour so if you’re ever feeling adventurous with night and twilight, you might want to check it out! -ttowles
By Dylan Schmidt
Wide angle lens are lens with very small focal lengths. Photographers use them to take photos that have very large depths of field and seem to shift the angle in which you photograph something, getting more of the surrounding scene in the shot. Some wide angle lens, like fish-eye lens or any lens with a high angle of view, distort the photograph. Objects, when photographed with wide angle lens with a short focal length and more than 180 degrees of view, appear to bend at the edges.
Wide angle shots also affect perspective. Because of the small focal length, the aperture can be set real low, meaning that most, if not all, of the foreground and background of the shot will be in focus. But anything real close to the camera seems to become gigantic.
Because of the amount of the frame that can be in focus using a wide angle lens, this type of lens is very popular with landscape photographers. They use it to get every detail of an environment to be in focus, so the photographs become rich and deep in detail.
I love the use of the wide angle lens because I like to look at a photo and see everything. Blurriness and shallow depths of field don’t really do much for me. I’ve always liked to see details in every photo. I also like the use of the wide angle lens to distort otherwise plain objects into massive or tiny out of proportion items. I think it’s an interesting format for the medium of photography.
Here’s a Beginner’s Introduction to Wide Angle Photography, and a video about using wide angle lens for travel photography.
We all been in a situation where we are in a very popular are where lots of tourist are. Trying to take a good picture you also want everyone to see the nice sceneary you’re seeing but everyone is in the way. Using simple tricks on Photoshop you can get your photos looking like this:
From TipsImprove Photography they give you set by set how to do it.
Step 1: Set your camera on a tripod.
Step 2: Take a picture about every 10 seconds until you have about 15 shots, depending on how fast people are walking around.
Step 3: Open all the images in Photoshop by going to File > Scripts > Statistics. Choose “median” and select the files you took.
Step 4: Bam! Photoshop finds what is different in the photos and simply removes it! Since the people moved around, it fills the area where someone was standing with part of another photo where no one was there.
And even a video to do set by step
When talking about photography and cinematography both seem very different. Both are arts form on different platforms, but they also have similarities when talking about what they actually consist of.
In Photography you try to compose a picture using light, lenses and camera angles in order to get the shot you looking for.
In Cinematography is no different just with motion. The name for someone who works with this is also known as the Director of Photography (DP). Their job is similar to those who take photography. The use lighting to set up a scene (composition), lighting of set and or location, choice of camera, lenses and camera angle. Basically everything in photography can be switched over to cinematography as they use all the same technique, just add motion.
The same process it toke to set up a composition like this
It toke cinematographers the same process to come up with the lighting and composition for a scene like this
Thinking of it DP just is to make pictures and just add motion. With very famous photos even make their way to the big screen as they try to recreate the image using a different platform. The same can go the other way around. People have toke screen shots from films and made them famous photos.
An Example here is in the Rocky when he is running up the sets and raises his hands. Famous photo from a movie.
Seeing this shows that if you can get the hold of Photography you should have no problem if you want to switch over to Cinematography.