Tilt-Shift photography is a technique that helps to create miniature effects in the images, among other things.
Tilt-Shift photography is the special technique that implies the usage of camera movements. It pertains to the small- and medium-format cameras. Tilt-Shift photography usually involves the utilization of particular lenses. The lenses for such kind of photography are special Tilt-Shift lenses.
Bogus miniature photographs can be produced by capturing an image that is focused throughout the so-called focal range. In other words, the foreground, midground, and background should be in focus. Later, the photographer selectively blurs some details or some objects of the image in Photoshop, Gimp or some other image manipulation program.
The “Tilt-Shift” term refers to two different kinds of lens movements. The first, Tilt, is the rotation of the lens in relation to the image plane. Tilt regulates the Plane of Focus (PoF) and is responsible for the part of the image that appears to be sharp. The second, Shift, defines the movement of the lens parallel to the image plane. Tilt is used to control the orientation of the plane of focus(PoF). Shift helps to transform the line of sight, avoiding the merging of parallel lines. It is handy when photographing skyscrapers and tall objects.
Tilt-Shift miniature faking is a technique that uses image manipulation software to make images resemble mini-scale photography.
Most photographers agree on the matter that the Tilt-Shift technique is more complicated that the Miniature-Faking technique. The Tilt-Shift technique is more artistic and helps to enhance the creative visual look through the focal plane changes relative to an aspect of the overall composition of the image.
Photoshop tutorials on tilt-shift and miniature faking photography can be found at http://tiltshiftphotography.net/tilt-shift-photography-photoshop-tutorial/
by Maryia Komar