Dorothea Lange was an American documentary photographer. She was best knows for her depression era work.
Lange was born May 26, 1895 in Hoboken, N.J. She contracted polio when she was 7 and developed a permanent limp that did not stop her from from traveling to take pictures.
She studied photography at Columbia University. In 1918 she began to travel, selling her photographs to make money. When she got to San Francisco, she decided to settle there and opened at photography studio and made a good living shoot portraits of the Bay area upper class. In 1920, she married westerner painted Maynard Dixon and had two sons. Her and Dixon divorced in 1935. Lange remarried a man named Paul Taylor, who was an agricultural econmoist and he educated her in social and political matters.
During the Great Depression the government provided work for photographers, artisits, and writers through documentary assignments and Lange was given a position to be a part of this. She started taking pictures of men in breadlines, striking workers and the homeless. She traveled to Oklahoma to photograph dust bowl immigrants, California photographing the homeless. When in Nipoman, California she took a photgraph the became her most famous potrait, the “Migrant Mother”.
Lange was awarded the Guggenheim Fellowship for excellence photography in 1941.
Lange’s worled revolved around photography up until the day she passed away, October 11,1965.